What is LCA?
LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) is a systematic mapping and assessment of environmental and resource impacts throughout the life cycle of a product / product system.
An LCA assesses the entire life cycle, from raw material extraction, production, transport, use phase to disposal or reuse. "Cradle to grave", or preferably "cradle to cradle"
Emissions are calculated
Emissions are categorized
Environmental impacts are calculated
Analyze how the life cycle of the product can be improved
LCA can be used in early-stage concept studies where the environmental impact of various concept choices / technical alternatives must be accounted for. And as a tool to find the most environmentally friendly solutions during a project, or it can be used to document any environmental savings upon delivery.
Life cycle assessment is also used as a basis for developing EPDs for products.
EPD (Environmental Product Declaration) or "environmental declaration" is a concise document that describes the environmental impact of a product or service.
LCA can provide answers to:
- What are the main environmental problems for a system?
- Where in the life cycle do the most important environmental problems arise?
- What is the greatest potential for product improvement of a system from an environmentally efficient point of view?
- Documentation of the total environmental impact associated with your own product if the customer wants to compare with a competing product?
Various environmental impact categories
Global Warming Potential
Stratospheric ozone depletion (ozone layer)